The construction. The French present participle is formed by replacing the - ons ending of the first person plural present with the ending - ant. finissons. In the vast majority of situations, the present tense does a fine job on its own. Comprehensive Online French Course for Beginners. des matchs épuisants exhausting games, un sport exigeant a demanding sport. Frederic Bibard is the founder of Talk in French, a company that helps french learners to practice and improve their french. You only have to worry about three irregular gerunds in French. Before getting into specific uses of the present participle, there are four things that French students need to know in order to avoid common mistakes: When used as a verb, the French present participle expresses an action that is simultaneous with, but not necessarily related to, the action of the main verb. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Present Participle As an Adjective or Noun, How to Use the French Expression 'Être en Train de', Introduction to the French Past Infinitive, French Perfect Participle ~ Passé Composé du Participe Présent, How to Conjugate "Se Taire" (to Be Quiet) in French, Passé composé: French Compound Past Tense, How to Use the French Verb Vivre (to Live), Learn How to Conjugate "Rentrer" (to Return) in French. This structure is used to describe an action that took place right before another action. The efficiency of phrasing allowed by present participles is related to their use in different constructions, such as the gerundive and perfect participles. The present participle is formed by replacing the ending “ons” with the ending “ant” of stem of the 1st person plural of the present tense (the form of “nous”), Infinitive. To create a French gerund, you need the present participle. Take the nous form of the present tense, drop the -ons ending, and replace it with … Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window). The participle may modify a noun/pronoun or a verb. There are two possible uses for this in French: to modify a noun or express an action that is related to the main verb. The three exceptions are avoir, être, and savoir.Remember that for pronominal verbs, you must keep the appropriate reflexive pronoun in front of the present participle: me coiffant (doing my hair), en nous levant (upon [us] getting up), etc. The present participle is like '-ing' in English. son poids en or.A secretary speaking several languages is worth her weight EN + Present Participle = by/by means of/through/upon/while (verb) ….ing. If you need to emphasize that the giving is going on right now, you can use the expression être en train de, but don’t overdo it. Twitter (+ 40 000 followers) The table shows how some common verbs form their present participle. He sprained his ankle while playing football. Il faisait une grimace en mangeant ses escargots.He made a face while eating his snails. Forming the present participle is easy for most verbs, regular and irregular. Voyant, c’est croyant is your enemy; once again, the infinitive is your friend: Voir, c’est croire. The French participe présent does not form any tense itself, that's why it is far less common than its English counterpart, and even less common than its brother participe passé. of the first person plural present with the ending -ant. Sometimes you can just use a noun; to translate "Reading is fun," you have two options: As a verb or gerund, the present participle is invariable, except in the case of, I saw Luc upon leaving the school (I saw him when I was leaving). While the French present participle can be a gerund, that gerund cannot be a noun, which is what’s happening in this English construction. J’aime chantant is nonsense. The gerund reveals why or how the main verb happens: 3) Who / That Gerund: Nous avons vu Thomas en mangeant en ville. When the present participle modifies a noun or pronoun, its action is unrelated to the action of the main verb – it modifies the nearest noun or pronoun, which may or may not be the subject of the main verb. A1 | A2 | B1 | B2 | C1 Find your level. The French present participle cannot be used after another verb. finissant. Forming the present participle is easy for most verbs, regular and irregular. French. vendons. This participle could be used either as a gerund, a noun, a verb or an adjective. 1 Using the present participle. To form the present participle in French, you take the “nous” form of the présent tense, remove the “ons” ending and add “ant” to it. Living close to Paris, I go into town quite often. The main uses of the present participle in French are: as a verb, on its own, corresponding to the English -ing form. Translate a French verb in context, with examples of use and see its definition. French does not have a present progressive, so the phrase Je suis donnant means nothing at all. prochain.We're going to a dancing party next Saturday. Nous allons à une fête dansante samedi You stole my wallet while pretending to be my friend! Present participles are not as common in French as in English, because they are not used to form tenses. The T is silent. 2. Employing it properly will make your sentence light but beautiful. The formation of the French present participle is very simple. The present participle is modifying the nearest noun, Thomas: "We saw Thomas (as he was) eating in town.". Verbs and tenses.
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