{ bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971069', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, ; We also use the modal verb MUST when we have a stronger opinion about what happened. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "past-participle"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 100] }}, This video will review common past participles. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/example/english/past-participle"); dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654153' }}, Examples of will have and past participle. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}, 'increment': 1, params: { },{ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195459', size: [300, 250] }}, But with the Have P.P., how exactly do you propose to emphasize results when the action isn't completed? In the second sentence, baffled is still a past participle but the action will have been started and completed entirely in the present.The past participle includes an implied auxiliary verb—having been—so the full sentence would read: "Having been baffled by your attitude, I cannot help you. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, Here are some more examples: ‘My colleague Simon has gone home early today.’, ‘Where have you gone? {code: 'ad_contentslot_2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971074', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, I patterned these sentences from the very link that you provided. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot3' }}]}, It has not rained for months. }); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_flex' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, is used for completed actions. Present Perfect Continuous, Labels in cc65 inline assembler with #define macro. {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, having + past participle . bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, So, when we feel sure that something happened in the past. In British English, the present perfect tense with ‘been’ (as in the example above) would be more common. priceGranularity: customGranularity, "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", var dfpSlots = {}; It's completed.) Let me make the proper pair of examples for you: (1) In fifteen years, J.K.Rowling has written seven best sellers (full stop) (2) She has been writing novels since 1997. {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195459', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195459', size: [320, 50] }}, }, tcData.listenerId); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot4' }}]}]; bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776144', position: 'btf' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776342', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, syncDelay: 3000 {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); Compact object and compact generator in a category. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [300, 250] }}, Perhaps what you should consider is how you're gonna prepare the OP to grasp all of these things. var pbMobileLrSlots = [ Ex. (2) In fifteen years, she has written seven best sellers. You chose your own suggestion/ focus to follow and people chose theirs. Ex. She has burned dinner before. name: "identityLink", { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 50] }}, googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195456', size: [300, 250] }}, Most past participles end -ed, -d, -t, -en, or -n. This page has lots of examples of past participles, shows how to form past participles, and has an interactive exercise. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [320, 100] }}, All Rights Reserved. iasLog("exclusion label : mcp"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195458', size: [336, 280] }}, Examples: }], { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195459', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, It is a suggestion, nothing more. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, 'increment': 0.05, window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, I'm sorry. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195457', size: [300, 50] }}, I also asked a native speaker and the one wasn't sure about the difference between the two, so I would like to know if there is any. The emphasis in these examples is that the subject of the sentence is no longer in the place where the statement is made, or where the subject began.

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